Hawaii is most at risk for a tsunami. It gets about one each year and approximately every seven years, it's hit with a damaging tsunami.
Alaska is also considered a high risk state, while California, Oregon and Washington experience a damaging tsunami about every 18 years.
Keeping a Family Disaster Kit is important in case a tsunami strikes. It should contain necessities for the entire family.
Store one-gallon of water per person for at least three days in plastic containers.
Keep a three-day supply of non-perishable food, such as peanut butter, trail mix, canned juices, milk, soup and sweetened cereals.
Store a first-aid kit, tools, some clothing and bedding and important documents in the kit as well.
Be sure to store the kit in a convenient place for all family members and keep things in a airtight, plastic containers.
If you live in an area of the world where tsunamis could occur, there are a few precautions you can take to help prevent damage to your home and property.
-Elevate your home if it's on the coast.
-Make a list of things to bring inside in case a tsunami hits.
-Have your home inspected by an engineer to determine ways to divert water away from the structure.
-Contact your insurance agent. Homeowners' policies don't cover tsunami flooding. Inquire about the National Flood Insurance Program.
Any food that has been in contact with contaminated flood waters should be thrown out. Don't eat any food that hasn't been sealed in a plastic, waterproof container or commercially canned. Don't consume food from containers with screw caps, twist caps or flip tops if they've been in contact with contaminated water.
If a tsunami reaches shore, the water damage to structures can be devastating. Stay out of buildings surrounded by water since floors can sink and the structure could collapse. If a building is safe enough to enter, open all windows and doors to dry out the building. Carefully inspect a building for various fire hazards, such as broken or leaking gas lines, submerged heating equipment and flooded electrical outlets.